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Diabetes Type 1
Diabetes is a long-term condition caused by too much glucose (sugar) in the blood. The amount of sugar in the blood is controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas (a gland behind the stomach). When food is digested and enters your bloodstream, insulin moves any glucose out of the blood and into cells, where it is broken down to produce energy.
Type One Diabetes occurs when the body produces no insulin. It is also sometimes known as early-onset diabetes, because it usually develops before the age of 40, often in the teenage years. The main symptoms of diabetes are feeling thirsty, producing excessive amounts of urine, tiredness and Weight loss. Treatment for people with Type One diabetes is that they must take insulin injections for life. Diabetes cannot be cured, but treatment aims to keep blood glucose levels as normal as possible, and to control symptoms in order to prevent serious health complications developing later in life.

Diabetes Type 2
Type Two Diabetes occurs when not enough insulin is produced by the body for it to function properly, or when the body’s cells do not react to insulin. Early detection of Type Two diabetes is very important as; the disease has a gradual onset , sometimes there may be no symptom an complications may have already developed. Symptoms may include; tiredness; frequent urination; sudden weight loss; wounds that won’t heal; always being hungry; blurry vision; vaginal infections; numbness/tingling of the feet and always being thirsty. If after a period of change to lifestyle and healthy diet (usually 12 weeks), blood sugar is still not controlled, your GP will then consider starting drug therapy. However, as Type Two Diabetes is a progressive condition, you may eventually need to take insulin medication, usually in the form of injections.

 

Dehydration
The human body is made up of about two-thirds water. Water is essential to the normal functioning of your body. Dehydration occurs when the normal water content of your body is reduced. Even though your body is mainly made up of water, the amount of water in your body only has to decrease by a few per cent, for dehydration to occur. The effects of dehydration can be serious and, in extreme circumstances, they can be fatal. The risk from dehydration is particularly great in babies, infants and older people. Due to the dangers of dehydration it is recommended to consult with your GP if an infant suffers from diarrhoea or vomiting for longer than one day. Treatment requires you to drink water as well as drinking a re-hydration solution that contains all the essential ingredients that you need to re-establish the right balance of body fluids. There are several different re-hydration products available from our pharmacy and these are very safe to use except in diabetics and those on a restricted sodium diet.
 
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

 

Deep Vein Thrombosis is a serious condition in which a blood clot forms in a vein that is deep inside the body. It mainly affects the veins in the lower leg and thigh. A clot forms in the larger veins, it can interfere with blood flow, and may break off and travel through the bloodstream .The travelling blood clot can lodge in the brain, lungs, heart, or other area, severely damaging that organ or causing sudden death. Symptoms include leg pain in one leg, tenderness in one leg, swelling of one leg, increased warmth in one leg and changes in skin colour (redness) in one leg. If you notice any of these symptoms get to a hospital which you will be given administered medication called heparin to stop blood clots from forming (anticoagulant). It results in quick anticoagulation, and it prevents the clot from growing.
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